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Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics

53, 1, pp. 47-57, Warsaw 2015
MULTIPLE SPIKE STALL CELLS IN LOW SPEED AXIAL COMPRESSOR ROTOR BLADE ROW
Reza Taghavi-Zenouz
School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
e-mail: taghavi@iust.ac.ir
Sarallah Abbasi
School of Mechanical Engineering, Arak University of Technology, Arak, Iran
e-mail: s_abbasi@iust.ac.ir
Inception and development of multiple stall cells of short length scales are numerically investigated in an axial compressor rotor blade row. The method of investigation is based on time accurate three-dimensional full annulus simulations. Time dependent flow structure results revealed that there are two criteria responsible for inception of a special kind of stall, introduced as spike stall in the literature. These criteria are defined as leading edge spillage and trailing edge backflow, which occur at specific mass flow rates near to stall conditions. The numerical results revealed that once the spike stall cells appear, they cover roughly two blade passages in the circumferential direction and cover about 25% of the blade height. By further revolution of the blade row, the number of cells tends to increase. For the present case study, the number of stall cells increased to three after 8.5 rotor revolutions from the moment of the initial spike stall occurrence. Even at this moment, both of the above mentioned criteria for the spike stall inception have been observed within the blades passages. These events caused the inlet relative flow angle to the blade rows, and therefore the flow incidence angle and consequent blockage to the main flow, to increase. The tip leakage flow frequency spectrum has been studied through surveying instantaneous static pressure signals imposed on pressure side of the blades and also on the casing walls. These latter results showed that any further revolving of the rotor blade row, exceeding 8.5 revolutions, causes the spike stall to disturb the flow structure significantly.
Key words: axial compressor, spike stall inception, tip leakage flow, frequency spectrum
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