Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics
46, 3, pp. 621-640, Warsaw 2008
Experimental and numerical studies of inclined cables: free and parametrically-forced vibrations
Because of few experimental studies in the inclined cable literature, this paper is aimed at experimental modelling and investigating the linear free and nonlinear forced vibrations of sagged inclined cables, by discussing the relevant outcomes in the background of theoretical and numerical achievements. Attention is paid to the identification of cable hybrid modes due to system asymmetry, which gives rise to an avoidance phenomenon in the natural frequency spectrum, and to the investigation of some typical 3-D nonlinear dynamics involving the simultaneous parametric/external excitation due to a harmonically time-varying support movement. Large-amplitude out-of-plane/in-plane multi-modal interactions due to non-planar/planar internal resonances are experimentally observed and complemented by space-time numerical simulation of the associated, geometrically nonlinear, partial-differential equations of parametrically-forced cable motion. Overall, the experimental and num erical results highlight the fundamental linear/nonlinear dynamic characteristics of inclined cables, and the crucial role played by the asymmetry induced by cable inclination, in addition to the significant effects of cable sag and dynamic extensibility.
Keywords: inclined cable; frequency avoidance; hybrid modes; parametric resonance; experimental dynamics; numerical simulation