Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics

34, 3, pp. 621-640, Warsaw 1996

A survey of applicability of electrically/mechanically stimulated materials to sensors and actuators in smart structures

Janusz Narkiewicz
An attempt is made to define the smart structure concept. The requirements imposed on properties of prospective materials for intelligent systems are presented and sensor/actuator functions are analysed. The properties of piezoelectrics and electrorheological fluids are considered as representatives of two types of materials coupling mechanical/electrical effects.
Keywords: mechanics; elasticity; smart structures