Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics
37, 3, pp. 455-479, Warsaw 1999
Biomechanical aspects of artificial joint implantation in a lower limb
One of the most important trends in engineering biomechanics is experimental and numerical analysis of the stress and strain state existing in organs subject to a heavy load; e.g, the knee and hip joints. Clinical tests experimental and numerical studies on design of implants replacing damaged organs are also of crucial importance in development of biomechanics. The research is focused on determination of loads, experimental techniques as well as on simplifications assumed in measurements and applied models. The conducted investigations were concerned with estimation of mechanical behaviour of hip and knee implants after arthoplasty. The experimental tests on both the real objects and models were performed. Numerical simulation was made by using the finite element method. The tests have proved that from the biomechanical point of view proper selection of endoprosthesis is of crucial importance for achieving positive long-term results of alloplasty.
Keywords: biomechanics; implantation; hip joint; knee joint