Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics

55, 2, pp. 695-705, Warsaw 2017
DOI: 10.15632/jtam-pl.55.2.695

A finite element approach to develop track geometrical irregularity thresholds from the safety aspect

Amin Miri, Saeed Mohammadzadeh, Hoda Salek
Riding quality and safety of rail tracks are directly influenced by track geometry; hence,
their degradation along time could reduce safety and cause serious accidents. Standards
propose thresholds for track geometrical parameters to keep track safety and riding comfort
at an acceptable level. In this study, a method is proposed to select or define a set of proper
thresholds for geometrical parameter irregularities according to desirable to safety level.
The impact of track geometry irregularities on the derailment index has been investigated
through the finite element model. The results suggest that twist and gauge shortage have a
greater effect on the derailment index compared to the vertical profile of the track. Having the
critical values of geometrical irregularities that result in derailment, safety factors of Iranian
and Euro code standards in determining their thresholds are calculated and compared. It
is shown that each standard has a unique set of safety factors that depend on speed and
geometrical parameters.
Keywords: maintenance and inspection, track geometry parameters, finite element, Adams/rail software